The head of an eagle is large and covered with feathers. The eyes are large and on the side of the eagle's head. Eagles have a large, strong beaks with a sharp hook at the tip. The feet of most eagles are bright yellow. Eagles have long broad wings and tails. The long feathers are long and stiff. Most eagles are dark brown or black. Many eagles have white areas such as the bald eagle with its white head and tail.
Eagles are found throughout the world except on the continent of Antarctic. Eagles live in pairs. Each pair claims a territory around their nest and keep other eagles away. The territory is from 20 to 60 square miles.
Eagles hunt only during the day. Their diet varies depending on the animals living in their part of the world. Golden eagles eat rabbits, hares, ground squirrels, and birds. The sometimes eat deer and lambs. They will even eat dead animals. The bald eagles eats fish. Some eagles eat monkeys and sloths. Other will eat snakes and lizards.
Eagle eggs are about 3 inches long. The female usually lays two eggs. The eggs take 40 days to hatch. One egg hatches several days before the other. The larger eagle usually gets more food and the smaller baby dies. The babies leave their nest at about 11 to 12 weeks old. They stay close to the nest for several weeks. Eagles live 20 to 30 years. A few have lived as many as 50 years.