Pueblo

 

Pueblo Village

Food

The Pueblos were mostly vegetarians, but they would eat meat when it was available.They hunted for small game such as rabbit, gopher, and squirrel. They also hunted large game such as deer, antelope, and mountain lions. The main crop the Pueblo raised wascorn. Corn consisted of eighty percent of their diet. Each community had a sun watcher to let everyone in the village know when to plant seeds and harvest the crops. To get water to their crops the Pueblo would sometimes go to the top of a snowy hill and roll a giant snowball to the village. They also used an irrigation system. The Pueblo shared fields in which they grew corn and squash, but they also grew individual family gardens. In the individual gardens, they raised other vegetables such as peppers, onions, chilies, and tobacco. Corn was dried and ground to be stored.

Customs

Kachina Drawing

The Pueblo thought Kachinas were ancestral spirits who returned with the clouds and rain to help their people. Over 300 different Kachinas were believed to exist. Pueblo Indians believed that these spirits once lived among the people, but they became offended when not enough attention was paid to them. Before leaving the Kachinas taught their people to dance. Pueblo held religious festivals and ceremonies in which they asked the Kachinas to bring rain and make their crops grow. They used drums and rattles in the dances during the ceremonies. They often danced in masks and chanted.

When a boy turned 13, he was invited to the kiva where the identity of the Kachinas was revealed to him. Girls were not brought to the kiva, but they were also told the secret of the Kachina.

Tools/Weapons

The men hunted rabbits by throwing a boomerang-shaped sticks at them. The men also made tools, utensils, and jewelry.

The women made pottery and baskets.

The women use a grinding stone to grind the corn into a powder. They used this for making bread and mush.

Art

Common symbols used in Pueblo art were birds, butterflies, bear claws, snakes, lizards, spiders, clouds, whirlwinds, and rainbows. Symbols that represented the four directions were also used. These designs were used to decorate coiled pottery. Weaving and baskets were also done with these designs. Over 300 Kachina designs were used in the Pueblo artwork. Each Kachina represented a spirit.

Kachinas

Children were given dolls that looked like Kachinas to play with when they were young. The main reason for this was so the children would not be frighten when they saw the men in the tribe dress like the Kachinas during ceremonies.

Pottery
The Pueblo created beautiful pottery.

 

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