Use the links on the chart below to navigate through the reports. Most of the words on the chart are linked. They are not underlined for easier reading.

Native American Group or Tribe

Early Populations

Habitat

Homes

Dress

Food

Customs

Tools/
Weapons

Art

Famous Native Americans

Cherokee (22,000)

Southeast

domed houses

deerskin, rabbit fur decorated with porcupine quills

farmers

hunters

fishermen

One of Five Civilized Tribes

festivals to celebrate planting and harvesting corn

lacrosse

canoes

tomahawk
tomahawk

basketry

pottery
clay pottery

Sequoyah (1770?-1843) Cherokee

Algonquian and Great Lake Tribessuch as  Ojibway (35,000), Delaware (8,000), Powhatan (9,000) Massachuset (13,600), and Cree (17,000)

Northeast

wigwamwigwams

wore little clothing except in winter - made from animal skins

bear
hunters

gatherers

trappers

planters

pow wows

snowsnake

birchbark baskets and canoes

traps

 

 

 

birchbark boxes

wampum

dream
dream catchers

Pocahontas (1585?-1622) Powhatan

Pontiac (1720?-1769) Ottawa

Tecumseh (1765?-1813) Shawnee

Black Hawk (1767-1838) Sauk

Squanto (1585?-1622) Patuxet

Iroquois Tribessuch as Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, and Tuscarora (Total 5,000)

Northeast

long house

mostly buckskin (skin of deer)

hunters planters gatherers traders

Three Sisters (corn, squash, & beans)

formed Confederacy

many festivals

canoes

snowshoes
snowshoes

False Face Society wooden masks

Seminoles(A division of the Creek - Creek Population  12,000)

Southeast

chickee

clothing made from plant fibers

planters

hunters

part of Creek Confederacy

hold tribal ceremonies

dugout canoes

bead necklaces

Osceola (1804?-1838) Seminole

Navajo (8,000)

Southwest

hogan

rabbit
rabbit skin

yucca plants

raiders

gatherers

hunters

four sacred mountains home of many gods who rule their universe

Sand Painting

weapons

weaving
weaving

silver smiting

Apache (7,000)

Southwest

wickiup

in early years deerskin, later Mexican style cotton clothing

bow
hunters

gatherers

believed everything in nature had special powers

basketry

geronimo
Geronimo (1829-1909) Apache

Pueblo such as Zuni (2,500), Hopi (2,800), and Rio Grande Pueblo (28,500)

Southwest

pueblo
pueblo

woven cotton and wool

some buckskin

corn
desert farmers

hunters

Kiva (special room for ceremonies)
one of the most complex native religions

Kachina

grinding stone

Kachina dolls

pottery
pottery

Northwest Coastal Indians such as the Tlingit (10,000), Chicook (22,000), and Makah

Pacific Northwest Coast

plank houses

wore little clothing - woven capes/skirts cone-shaped hats made from cedar

fish
fishermen

hunters

gatherers

potlatch (parties)

slavery

whale
seafaring canoes

wooden boxes

wooden ceremonial masks

totem
totem poles

Plains such as Sauk & Fox (6,500), Cheyenne(3,500), Arapaho (3,000), Sioux (10,000), Blackfeet (15,000), Comanche (7,000), and Pawnee (10,000)

Plains area in the center of North America

teepee
teepee (tipi)

buffalo skins

headdressfeather headdresses

buffalo
hunters

Sun Dance (most important ceremony)

Great Spirit

Vision Quest

travois
travois (type of sledge)

parfleche (traveling container)

peace pipe
peace pipes

leather hides

Sitting Bull (1834?-1890) Dakota

Sacagawea (1787?-1812?) Shoshone

Crazy Horse (1844?-1877) Sioux

Chief Joseph
Chief Joseph (1840?-1904) Nez Perce

Inuit (89,000)

North

tents made from skins

igloo
igloos

skin, wood, mud or sod homes

summer - sealskin

winter - caribou skin

relied on sea 

fishermen

polar bear
hunters

Tunghak - god which controlled all animals

umiaks (open boat made of wooden frame covered with skins)

kayak
kayaks

harpoons

sled
dog sleds

ivory carvings

California and Intermountain Seed Gatherssuch as the Pomo (8,000)

West

bark, grass, or tule huts

little or no clothing - clothes made from bark, grass, tule or occasionally deerskin

winter fur or fiber blankets

acorns
acorns

hunters

gatherers

sweat lodge

tule boats

basket
accomplished basket weavers

  Graphics on this page were made with Kids Pix Studio Deluxe.

 

 

Check out this blog post article to learn where you can find additional free resources for your Native American Unit.

Native Americans from
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