The Second Continental Congress & the Hessians
In May of 1775, the Second Continental Congress met
in Philadelphia. Many thought the fighting was only a New England War. They thought it
wouldn't reach the other colonies. Congress voted to ask each of the Thirteen Colonies to
give war supplies and troops. They also voted to ask France to help. George Washington was
voted Commander-in-Chief of the new army. Washington was chosen because he was a trained
soldier. He had fought in the French and Indian War. Also Washington was from Virginia in
the South. Many thought this would bring the South into the war.
Events that were taking Place
The American army invaded Canada and tried to take
Quebec but failed.
The British navy burned the port of Falmouth,
King George hired soldiers from Germany called
Hessians. The British paid the Prince of Hesse $500,000 a year plus $35 for each Hessian
killed and $12 for each wounded. Unfortunately, the money was not given to the soldiers. It
was spent to help Germany's economy and even to build elaborate palaces.
Return to the History Pages
Return to American Revolution Home
Go to Activities for Lesson 9