George Washington

 

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Government Unit
   
  Lesson 1 - Articles of Confederation
   
  Lesson 2 - Writing the Constitution
   
  Lesson 3 - Checks and Balances of the Government
   
  Lesson 4 - The New Government
   
  The First Political Parties
   
  George Washington
   
  Article I - Legislative Branch
   
  How a Bill Becomes a Law
   
  Article II - Executive Branch
   
  Article III - Judicial Branch
   
  Lesson 5 - Bill of Rights
   
  Amendments
   

George Washington was born in Virginia on February 22, 1732. He was the son of a rich planter. Washington's father died when he was 11 years old. At the age of  14, Washington left school to become a surveyor.

Washington joined the Virginia militia during the French and Indian War. After several heroic battles, Washington was made an officer. After the war, he returned to Virginia to resume farming.

Washington married Martha Custis in 1759. She was a rich widow who had two children. They made their home named Mt. Vernon in Virginia.

When the First Continental Congress met in 1774, Washington was a delegate from Virginia.

Washington became Commander-in-Chief of the American army after the Battle of Bunker Hill. Due to Washington's planning, the American won the war in 1781. After the Revolutionary War was over, Washington returned to Virginia to resume farming.

Five years later, he was again a delegate to the Continental Congress. The delegates appointed Washington as chairman of the Constitution Convention. In 1789, Washington was elected the first President of the United States of America. He was re-elected in 1792, but refused a third Presidential term.

During his presidency, the Bill of Rights was adopted. After Washington died on December 17, 1799, the capital of the United States moved to a location near Washington's Mt. Vernon home and was named Washington in his honor.