Roger Williams was a Puritan minister. He believed the church
leaders should not be the colony leaders. Williams also believed
the American Indians should be paid for the land they were taking.
Puritan leaders wanted to send Williams back to England. Williams
escaped them in 1636 and founded the
Rhode Island Colony. He bought the land
from the Native Americans. Everyone living in this colony was
allowed to practice their own religion.
Thomas Hooker was a
minister. He left the Massachusetts Bay Colony with 35 families to
form the Connecticut Colony.
The families walked for two weeks before reaching the site which
is now Hartford.
The people wrote a plan for the government of their
colony. This was the first written constitution in the New World.
By 1636 four New
England Colonies were founded: Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode
Island, and New Hampshire. The people living in the colonies made
a living by fishing and building ships. They also carried on much
of the slave trade.