wanted to break away from the Church of England. Pilgrims
were jailed and fined in England for starting their own
church. They were afraid to stay in England. Many Pilgrims
went to Holland in 1608. This group lived in Holland for 12
were very unhappy living in Holland. They decided to go to
America. They bought a ship called the Speedwell.
The ship was small and old. There were so many wanting to go
to America that a second ship was needed. The Pilgrims made
an agreement with some businessmen in England. The
businessmen got the Pilgrims a ship named the Mayflower.
They also bought them food and supplies. In return, the
Pilgrims agreed to work for the businessmen for seven years.
They agreed to send furs and lumber from the New World back
One hundred and two
people left from England. They were given land in what is now New
York. Shortly after leaving England, the Speedwell became
leaky and had to return to shore. Some passengers from the
Speedwell stayed behind in England. Others crowded onto the
November 11, 1620 after 66 days, the
to Cape Cod.
The Pilgrims had been granted a charter to settle in Virginia.
Because strong winds blew them north, they felt the chart was not
valid. Before going on shore, the men drew up a new charter called
the Mayflower Compact. This compact stated that they would all
take part in making laws for the settlement, and they would obey
They started a
settlement which the Pilgrims called Plymouth Plantation. Their
leader was William Bradford.
Pilgrim Village Built by Jason, Tammy, Malaki, and Kendra
winter was hard for the Pilgrims. They had to struggle to
build shelter. In two or three months half of the people
died. Half of the Pilgrims who survived were children. Only
four women lived. An Indian named Squanto helped the
Pilgrims. He taught them how to grow crops, hunt, and build
shelter. Because of his help the Pilgrims survived.
Read this story from Squanto's point of view.
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