Sweden wanted a colony to trade with the other colonies
in America. They landed in
in 1638. The Swedes were led by Peter Minuit. Minuit
had been fired by the Dutch in 1631. He was then hired by
the Swedes in 1637. Since the Dutch were already living in
this area, the Dutch governor quickly took the land from the
Swedes. This was done peacefully without any fighting.
The Dutch began
to have problems with the British. England said that John
Cabot's exploration in 1497 gave them the rights to New
Netherlands. In 1664 war broke out between the Dutch and the
English. The British took a fleet of ships to New
Netherlands and took the colony without firing a shot. New
Netherlands became New York.
It was named after the Duke of York.
The land across
the Hudson River became New Jersey.
It was named in honor of an island off the coast of England.