Robert E. Lee signing the surrender documents at Appomattox Court House

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The End of the War

 

The Civil War ended on April 9, 1865. The war lasted almost four years after Fort Sumter fell. The North lost 365,000 men. The South lost 260,000. Most of these men died in battle, but some also died of sickness or in prison camps.

The economy of the South was ruined. Thousands of acres of good farmland had been destroyed. Whole plantations were destroyed.

The North was not affected as much as the South. Little fighting had been done there. The Union soldiers found things much the same as they had left them.

Women had served as nurses or workers in factories during the war. Many did not want to go back to their old roles of wives or mothers.

 

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